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Macastre - Turismo La Hoya de Buñol

Enjoy Macastre

Despite having only 1,335 inhabitants, Macastre is a large town, with its beauty coming from its people, landscape and walking trails.

Urban tour of Macastre

We start the tour with the urban area of Macastre. The first stop will be the Plaza de los Árboles, the main city square that emerged during the economic growth of the 19th century, where the population’s rural middle class settled. These city squares, of which few remain in the region, have a large central space surrounded by ancient trees where a monumental stone fountain of the early twentieth century is located. Around the city square stands the City Hall, built in the typical style of houses of the late 19th century, and house No. 11, a typical house of 19th century agricultural landowners. The second stop will be the Plaza de la Iglesia, where the church dedicated to the Transfiguration of the Lord is located. Built between the 17th and 18th centuries, its style is a mixture of full Baroque and Neoclassicism. Strolling through the narrow medieval streets we will reach the Mirador de los Vientos. This is a good place to contemplate the beautiful panoramic view of the town, the Hoya of Buñol and its surroundings.

Places of interest

Castle.

The Castle of Macastre is of Muslim origin and is located on the remains of a Bronze Age settlement. The fortification has an elongated shape, with the remains of two persevered towers located at its ends and a cistern in the main entrance area. The whole area was divided into two enclosures by means of a wall with fortified doors that would turn the larger tower into the last defense of the castle, and at its western side, defended by a small pit carved in the rock. The main tower, the oldest and most outstanding element of the complex, in its last phase of use had a cistern located in its lower part, two floors and an upper terraced area. At the opposite end, next to the east tower, was a small auxiliary door. The abandonment of the castle has caused its progressive ruin, and recently there has been a project of consolidation of the remains, integrating them into their natural environment.

Santa Bárbara Fountain.

This fountain shows us how water springs near urban areas were used in the past. The fountain was used for laundry, drinking water and domestic hygiene. They would use the leftover water to irrigate their agricultural land. Its practical function turned it into a social area, making it a meeting point for women of the early 20th century. Today it is still a very lively place, perfect for spending Sunday with family and friends eating in the heart of nature.

Big Fountain.

One of the nicest areas in Macastre. From here you can see the town and, at the top of the slope, the Castle. The Big Fountain is a natural spring that brings fresh water to the pipes. The water and the foliage of the trees that surround this environment offer refreshment and shade to the passerby who makes a stop here to enjoy this beautiful place. In addition, you will find barbeques and picnic tables to enjoy the day!

El Bolot.

At the foot of the slope of the Castle is the Fountain of Bolot spring, a place with a special charm for visitors, as there is no "higuero" (a word used to refer to the tourists who visit the town at the time of the figs) who doesn’t boast that they have gone through here.

Enjoy Macastre

Historia

Macastre es un municipio perteneciente a la provincia de Valencia y situado en la comarca de la Hoya de Buñol Limita con las poblaciones de Alborache, Buñol, Dos Aguas y Yátova.

Situado entre las cuencas del río Buñol y del río Magro. El relieve es bastante quebrado y lo constituyen pequeñas elevaciones y lomas de materiales cretáceos integrados en el sistema ibérico. En la mitad norte destaca el cerro del Castillo (430 m.), a cuyo pie se extiende la población, tras salvar la rambla de la Hortera, el terreno vuelve a elevarse como en el puntal de Santa Bárbara (400 m.) y el de la Hoya de la Estanquera (429 m.); después sobreviene el valle del río Magro y al otro lado, en el extremo sur, comienzan las primeras estribaciones de la sierra de Dos Aguas, de mayores proporciones que las alturas en término de Macastre.

Los testimonios más antiguos que se conocen de la ocupación por el hombre son algunos fragmentos de cerámica ibérica aparecidos bajo las construcciones medievales del castillo. De época romano-republicana es un as sextantario, del año 268 a. C., encontrado en el Barranco de Caerna. Ya de plena romanización son los restos de una posible villa rústica en la Serratilla, en la que, entre restos de tégules y de vasos comunes, se halló una moneda del emperador Adriano, de los años 117-139 d. C.

De esta época proviene el nombre de la población. Macastre está formado por la raíz romana "castra, castrorum" con significado de campamento. El nombre parece ser la contracción de "Magna Castra" -gran campamento o campamento grande-, en referencia a algún tipo de asentamiento militar permanente de las legiones romanas.

En 1122, el rey Alfonso I de Aragón cobraba parias a los almorávides de Macastre. Tras la conquista de Jaime I, el territorio, como toda la Hoya de Buñol, fue concedido en, 1238, a Rodrigo de Lizana, el cual lo traspasó tres años más tarde a la Orden del Hospital, en la persona de su Maestre Hugo de Folcalquier.

La población pasó por una gran cantidad de señores hasta que el compromiso de Caspe y la rebelión consiguiente del conde de Urgell dio motivo a que se le confiscaran todos sus bienes y señoríos, pasando de nuevo Macastre a la Corona en 1413.

El Castillo de Macastre

En 1602, contaba Macastre con un centenar de casas de moriscos. El 10 de noviembre de 1611 le fue otorgada carta puebla a la localidad, siendo repoblado por Hipólita Centelles, esposa y procuradora de Gaspar Mercader i Carroz, a quien Felipe II otorgó el título de conde de Buñol. A lo largo de la historia, el castillo de Macastre ha desempeñado un alto papel estratégico, por su situación fronteriza entre los reinos de Castilla y Valencia.